In he became the first pilot to fly coast to coast in under 24 hours, making the journey from Florida to California with just one stop. He spent the rest of the decade working as a test pilot for military and civilian planes, setting air race records and helping to develop instruments that allowed pilots to fly in whiteout conditions.
ByJimmy Doolittle was attending school in Los Angeles. Doolittle took a leave of absence in October to enlist in the Signal Corps Reserve as a flying cadet; he ground trained at the School of Military Aeronautics an Army school on the campus of the University of Californiaand flight-trained at Rockwell FieldCalifornia.
Army on March 11, Doolittle on his Curtiss R3C-2 Racer, the plane in which he won the Schneider Trophy Race Doolittle's service at Rockwell Field consisted of duty as a flight leader and gunnery instructor.
Recommended by three officers for retention in the Air Service during demobilization at the end of the war, Doolittle qualified by examination and received a Regular Army commission as a 1st Lieutenant, Air Service, on July 1, On May 10,he was engineering officer and pilot for an expedition recovering a plane that had force-landed in a Mexican canyon on February 10 during a transcontinental flight attempt by Lieut.
Doolittle reached the plane on May 3 and found it serviceable, then returned May 8 with a replacement motor and four mechanics. The oil pressure of the new motor was inadequate and Doolittle requested two pressure gauges, using carrier pigeons to communicate. The additional parts were dropped by air and installed, and Doolittle flew the plane to Del Rio, Texas himself, taking off from a yard airstrip hacked out of the canyon floor.
Having at last returned to complete his college degree, he earned a Bachelor of Arts from the University of California, Berkeley inand joined the Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity. Doolittle was one of the most famous pilots during the inter-war period. In Septemberhe made the first of many pioneering flights, flying a de Havilland DH-4 — which was equipped with early navigational instruments — in the first cross-country flight, from Pablo Beach now Jacksonville BeachFloridato Rockwell Field, San DiegoCalifornia, in 21 hours and 19 minutes, making only one refueling stop at Kelly Field.
Army awarded him the Distinguished Flying Cross. For Doolittle, the school assignment had special significance: The pilots thought the engineers were a group of people who zipped slide rules back and forth, came out with erroneous results and bad aircraft; and the engineers thought the pilots were crazy — otherwise they wouldn't be pilots.
So some of us who had previous engineering training were sent to the engineering school at old McCook Field. After a year's training there in practical aeronautical engineering, some of us were sent on to MIT where we took advanced degrees in aeronautical engineering.
I believe that the purpose was served, that there was thereafter a better understanding between pilots and engineers. In Marchhe conducted aircraft acceleration tests at McCook Field, which became the basis of his master's thesis and led to his second Distinguished Flying Cross.
He received his S. Because the Army had given him two years to get his degree and he had done it in just one, he immediately started working on his Sc. His doctorate in aeronautical engineering was the first ever issued in the United States.
In AprilDoolittle was given a leave of absence to go to South America to perform demonstration flights. In Chilehe broke both ankles, but put his P-1 Hawk through aerial maneuvers with his ankles in casts.
Doolittle was then assigned to McCook Field for experimental work, with additional duty as an instructor pilot to the th Bomb Squadron of the Air Corps Reserve. During this time, in he was the first to perform an outside loop previously thought to be a fatal maneuver.
Carried out in a Curtiss fighter at Wright Field in Ohio, Doolittle executed the dive from 10, feet, reached miles per hour, bottomed out upside down, then climbed and completed the loop.
Bust of General Doolittle at the Imperial War Museum, Duxford Doolittle's most important contribution to aeronautical technology was the development of instrument flying.
He was the first to recognize that true operational freedom in the air could not be achieved unless pilots developed the ability to control and navigate aircraft in flight, from takeoff run to landing rollout, regardless of the range of vision from the cockpit.
Doolittle was the first to envision that a pilot could be trained to use instruments to fly through fog, clouds, precipitation of all forms, darkness, or any other impediment to visibility; and in spite of the pilot's own possibly convoluted motion sense inputs.
Even at this early stage, the ability to control aircraft was getting beyond the motion sense capability of the pilot. That is, as aircraft became faster and more maneuverable, pilots could become seriously disoriented without visual cues from outside the cockpit, because aircraft could move in ways that pilots' senses could not accurately decipher.
Doolittle was also the first to recognize these psycho-physiological limitations of the human senses particularly the motion sense inputs, i. He initiated the study of the subtle interrelationships between the psychological effects of visual cues and motion senses.
His research resulted in programs that trained pilots to read and understand navigational instruments. A pilot learned to "trust his instruments," not his senses, as visual cues and his motion sense inputs what he sensed and "felt" could be incorrect or unreliable.
Inhe became the first pilot to take off, fly and land an airplane using instruments alone, without a view outside the cockpit. Having returned to Mitchel Field that September, he assisted in the development of fog flying equipment. He helped develop, and was then the first to test, the now universally used artificial horizon and directional gyroscope.
He attracted wide newspaper attention with this feat of "blind" flying and later received the Harmon Trophy for conducting the experiments. These accomplishments made all-weather airline operations practical.
Doolittle resigned his regular commission on February 15,and was commissioned a Major in the Air Reserve Corps a month later, being named manager of the Aviation Department of Shell Oil Companyin which capacity he conducted numerous aviation tests. Doolittle helped influence Shell Oil Company to produce the first quantities of octane aviation gasoline.
High octane fuel was crucial to the high-performance planes that were developed in the late s. InDoolittle set the world's high speed record for land planes at miles per hour in the Shell Speed Dash.James Harold Doolittle (December 14, – September 27, ) was an American aviation pioneer. A Reserve officer in the United States Army Air Corps, Doolittle was recalled to active duty during World War II.
General James Harold "Jimmy" Doolittle, USAF (December 14, – September 27, ) was an American aviation pioneer. Doolittle served as a Brigadier general, Major general and Lieutenant general in the United States Army Air Forces during the Second World War. Doolittle was . General James Harold "Jimmy" Doolittle, Sc.D.
USAF (December 14, – September 27, ) was an American aviation pioneer.
|See a Problem?||After the war he was active in the reorganization of the American defense establishment and became director of several companies in the private sector. Early years Doolittle was born in Alameda, Californiaand spent his youth in Nome, Alaskawhere he earned a reputation as a boxer.|
|Dates of Rank||He earned the Medal of Honor for his valor and leadership as commander of the Doolittle Raid while a lieutenant colonel.|
Doolittle served with as a general in the United States Army Air Forces during the Second World War, earning the Medal of Honor as the commander of the Doolittle Raid.
Great Warrior Leaders/Thinkers. DOOLITTLE, JAMES H. Famed aviation pioneer and general. Won the Congressional Medal of Honor for leading the . Aug 21, · Watch video · General James Harold “Jimmy” Doolittle () was a pioneering pilot, aeronautical engineer, combat leader and military strategist whose career stretched from World War I to the height of.
Pilot, scholar, daredevil, general James ""Jimmy"" Doolittle was one of America's greatest heroes. In a life filled with adventure and achievement, Doolittle did it all.