A presentation of a variety of ideas on utopia by famous writers and philosophers

The word utopia was coined by Thomas More — as the name of the island described in his Libellus vere aureus nec minus salutaris quam festivus de optimo reip[ublicae] statu, deq[ue] noua Insula Vtopia While More wrote in Latin, he based his new word on Greek. More combined topos place or where with u or ou no or not to create nowhere, but in "Six Lines on the Island of Utopia," part of the larger work, he suggests that the word eutopia, or good place, is a better descriptor.

A presentation of a variety of ideas on utopia by famous writers and philosophers

For about years after More utopian literature looked much the same: But the vision changed with revolution and war, church reform, and a new type of economy, and writers began to reflect the new society in their work.

A presentation of a variety of ideas on utopia by famous writers and philosophers

Utopia took on new shapes and new prefixes e. Because of its long and complex history, scholars and critics writing on utopian literature usually begin with their own definition, a starting point from where to derive their analysis, presumably so as not to lose their audience before beginning an argument.

Therefore, in creating a guide to utopian literature I am forced to come up with my own definition, or at least justify what I will and will not include, for the sake of my reader.

Obviously the kind of scholarly introduction I am setting out to create must be restricted in length, and can therefore not be all-inclusive; however, I believe focusing on only one period would be unfair, and could not adequately represent the various types and styles of utopian literature.

I have therefore decided to present a selection of major utopian works—with critical information on the text and biographical information on the author—from the nearly years of scholarship. In the 19th century a new trend developed in utopian literature. In the 20th century more than one work is notable for bringing utopian lit to a great height of popularity.

But here we see the genre in a new form, actually dystopian or anti-utopian, for its portrayal of an un-ideal society. The turn is not only from contentment to fright, but also from non-fiction to fiction, since a characteristic of utopian literature is a believable often didactic narrator telling the reader about a real place.

The reader is meant to understand that the story is true, that a perfect place does exist. This kind of rhetorical intention is reversed in dystopian and anti-utopian literature, where the reader is to fear what is presented, knowing that the violence is fictional, but should want to avoid such a fate by making changes in the present.

Some scholars include in a survey of utopian literature classical writers and philosophers. While I give credit to classical writers for recording the first pseudo-utopian ideas of perfection, I do not believe these contributions should be included in the canon of utopian literature.

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Therefore, I will not discuss Plato here, but I will mention a few works on classical utopias that I think would aid a newcomer to the field of utopian study. Similarly, I will only make brief mention of the science fiction genre, which has grown to literally unimaginable proportions.

Science fiction, because it often focuses on the improvement of society usually in the futureinherently resembles utopian literature, and therefore receives its share of critical attention. However, it is also too much steeped in, and too much influenced by, popular culture to be deserving of literary designation.

Science fiction also tends to show up in the form of short stories, and we are concerned with longer works. I have organized the accompanying bibliography by subject, keeping in mind date of composition in all cases. Sometimes I will mention secondary texts that date even earlier, but only when I think the work would be helpful.

A presentation of a variety of ideas on utopia by famous writers and philosophers

Good starting points for the study of utopian literature are two secondary bibliographies. An older, but more thorough bibliography—because it names both primary and secondary texts—is British and American Utopian Literature 2compiled by legendary utopian scholar Lyman Tower Sargent.

General reference works that are invaluable resources in a study of utopian literature include the long-awaited Dictionary of Literary Utopias 3released in by Honore Press. The Encyclopedia of Utopian Literature 4 is equally valuable, if only for the longer citations.

Perhaps the most comprehensive work to date is the mammoth Utopian Thought in the Western World 5which manages to trace the development of utopianism from ancient times to the mid-twentieth century; it is also an extremely interesting read.

A few magazines and periodicals exist that are dedicated solely to one aspect or another of utopian literature, and would be of interest to a newcomer in the field.

Utopia - An English Renaissance Book Written In Latin

Journal of the Society for Utopian Studies 6 represents the only official publication put out by the Society based at the University of Toronto.

Science-Fiction Studies 8 is a likely source for criticism on classic utopian literature, since many of the themes in major works are seen as visionary or futuristic by some readers. Bullitin Thomas More 9published in France. Many more standard library periodicals regularly feature articles on utopian literature.

These journals should be consulted for the most recent utopian scholarship. The Internet is fast becoming a hot spot for research on utopian literature. Both of the major organizations, Society for Utopian Studies 16 and Utopian Studies Society 17have websites where one can learn about recent scholarship in the field and about upcoming conferences and other events.

The more informal Utopia 19 and Utopia on the Internet 20 provide visitors with links to utopia-related sites. There have been in the past many anthologies of utopian literature to choose from, but Gregory Claeys and Lyman Tower Sargent have made things much easier in the last couple of years with The Utopia Reader 21a work that contains full texts and excerpts of every major work of utopian literature ever written, plus some lesser known, but equally respected, short works.

The Quest for Utopia 22 and Utopias: Social Ideals and Communal Experiments 23 are also good sources, notable for the long introductions to the works they feature.

Such is the case with Famous Utopias 25 and Ideal Commonwealths 26two publications that helped introduce utopian literature to an American audience in the early part of the last century. After becoming familiar with the primary works in utopian literature one should consult a literary introduction to the genre.Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects.

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Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c.

– BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. A dialogue is a literary technique in which writers employ two or more characters to be engaged in conversation with one another.

In literature, it is a conversational passage, or a spoken or written exchange of conversation in a group, or between two persons directed towards a particular subject.

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writers, philosophers, and. A dialogue is a literary technique in which writers employ two or more characters to be engaged in conversation with one another.

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Utopian Literature: A Guide