Crystal Vio Available online at www. In the English as a Foreign Language EFL pedagogy environment, how to increase speaking competence and confidence for undergraduate students tends to be a crucial question among instructors. This concern led to a qualitative research design as an action study in a regular course employing a task-based approach. The findings indicated that confidence, creativity of topics, and speaking competence were the key aspects of improvement when speaking to the audience.
Audience Analysis Overview Audience analysis involves identifying the audience and adapting a speech to their interests, level of understanding, attitudes, and beliefs.
Identifying the audience through extensive research is often difficult, so audience adaptation often relies on the healthy use of imagination. As with many valuable tools, audience analysis can be used to excess.
Adapting a speech to an audience is not the same thing as simply telling an audience what they want to hear. Rather, adaptation guides the stylistic and content choices a speaker makes for a presentation.
Audience adaptation often involves walking a very fine line between over-adapting and under-adapting — a distinction that can be greater appreciated by understanding the general components of this skill. The Communications Department offers tips for analyzing an audience.
Audience Analysis Factors Audience expectations When people become audience members in a speech situation, they bring with them expectations about the occasion, topic, and speaker. Violating audience expectations can have a negative impact on the effectiveness of the speech.
Imagine that a local politician is asked to speak at the memorial service for a beloved former mayor.
If the politician used the opportunity to discuss a piece of legislation, the audience would probably be offended and the speaker would lose credibility. Knowledge of topic Audience knowledge of a topic can vary widely on any given occasion, therefore, communicators should find out what their audience already knows about the topic.
If a speaker launches into a technical discussion of genetic engineering but the listeners are not familiar with basic genetics, they will be unable to follow your speech and quickly lose interest. Try to do some research to find out what the audience already knows about the topic.
Imagine that a presenter is trying to convince the community to build a park. A speaker would probably be inclined to spend the majority of the speech giving reasons why a park would benefit the community.
However, if they found out ahead of time that most neighbors thought the park was a good idea but they were worried about safety issues, then the speaker could devote their time to showing them that park users would be safer in the park than they currently are playing in the streets.
The persuasive power of the speech is thus directed at the most important impediment to the building of a park. Audience size Many elements of speech-making change in accordance with audience size.
In general, the larger the audience the more formal the presentation should be. Sitting down and using common language when speaking to a group of 10 people is often quite appropriate.
However, that style of presentation would probably be inappropriate or ineffective if you were speaking to 1, people. Large audiences often require that you use a microphone and speak from an elevated platform.
Demographics The demographic factors of an audience include age, gender, religion, ethnic background, class, sexual orientation, occupation, education, group membership, and countless other categories. Politicians usually pay a great deal of attention to demographic factors when they are on the campaign trail.
If a politician speaks in Day County, Florida the county with the largest elderly population they will likely discuss the issues that are more relevant to people in that age range — Medicare and Social Security. Communicators must be careful about stereotyping an audience based on demographic information — individuals are always more complicated than a simplistic identity category.
Also, be careful not to pander exclusively to interests based on demographics. For example, the elderly certainly are concerned with political issues beyond social security and Medicare.Start studying quizes , Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. People need effective listening skills in almost all occupations. Audience analysis and adaptation affect all aspects of speechmaking except for the delivery of the speech itself.
Speaking is one of the four macro skills necessary for effective communication in any language, particularly when speakers are not using their mother tongue.
Speaking is one of the four macro skills necessary for effective communication in any language, particularly when speakers are not using their mother tongue. As E nglish is universally used as a. Introduction Speaking is one of the four macro skills necessary for effective communication in any language, particularly when speakers are . An analysis of the four skills necessary for effective speakers 2 de dezembro de / Outros / With a good education an analysis of the four skills necessary for effective speakers and the right skills, everyone has the An essay on zeus and hera best chance to get a job and.
As E nglish is universally used as a. This Annual List of Top Ten Communicators of highlights the best (and worst) from business, politics (big this year), entertainment, sports and the professions.
1. Public Speaking. The ability to speak clearly, persuasively, and forcefully in front of an audience – whether an audience of 1 or of thousands – is one of the most important skills anyone can develop. People who are effective speakers come across as more comfortable with themselves, more confident, and more attractive to be around.
Start studying Chapter Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Effective speakers must be aware of their nonverbal messages. Nonverbal means. appearance, movements, and vocal qualities effective speaking skills.
The most important part of preparing for an oral presentation is. Different situations require different types of listening. We may listen to obtain information, improve a relationship, gain appreciation for something, make discriminations, or engage in a critical evaluation.
While certain skills are basic and necessary for all types of listening (receiving.