Towns were developing around coalmines and the blast furnaces took over farming as the main employer of labour. Roads and canals were built to connect industrial areas with cities.
He believes that the world has no place for fancy or imagination. His own five children are models of a factual education. Never having been permitted to learn anything of the humanities, they are ignorant of literature and any conception of human beings as individuals.
Even fairy tales and nursery rhymes had been excluded from their education. One day, as he walks from the school to his home, Gradgrind is immensely displeased and hurt to find his two oldest children, Louisa and Tom, trying to peek through the canvas walls of a circus tent.
It eases his mind even less to discover that the two youngsters are not at all sorry for acting against the principles under which they had been reared and educated.
Later, Gradgrind and his industrialist friend, Mr.
Josiah Bounderby, discuss possible means by which the children might have been misled from the study of facts. They conclude that another pupil, Sissy Jupe, whose father is a clown in the circus, had influenced the young Gradgrinds. When they arrive at the inn where the Jupes are staying, they find that the father has deserted his daughter.
Moved by sentiment, Gradgrind decides to keep the girl in his home and to let her be educated at his school, all against the advice of Bounderby, who thinks Sissy Jupe will only be a bad influence on the Gradgrind children. Years pass, and Louisa and young Tom have matured. Educated away from sentiment, she agrees to marry Bounderby.
In fact, he advises his sister to marry Bounderby for this reason, and she, loving her brother, agrees to help him by marrying the wealthy banker.
Bounderby is very happy to be married to Louisa. After his marriage, he places his elderly housekeeper in a room at the bank. After the marriage, all seems peaceful at the bank, at the Gradgrind home, and at the Bounderby residence.
In the meantime, Gradgrind had been elected to Parliament from his district. He sends out from London an aspiring young politician, James Harthouse, who is to gather facts about the industrial city of Coketown, facts that are to be used in a survey of economic and social life in Britain.
Harthouse thinks Bounderby is a fool, but he is greatly interested in the pretty Louisa. He had heard that she had been subjected to a dehumanizing education, and feels that she will be easy prey for seduction because of her loveless marriage to the pompous Bounderby.
Before long, Harthouse gains favor in her eyes. Neither realizes, however, that Mrs. Sparsit, jealous and resenting her removal from the comfortable Bounderby house, spies on them constantly.In Hard Times, what is the significance of the book structure?
This is a great question! Well done for noticing the curiously entitled headings given to each section of this great novel.
Hard Times is a novel about the social condition of poverty, but very few of its major characters are actually poor and comparatively little time is spent with the poor characters. With that in mind, do you think the book does an effective job of shaping our view of poverty? Charles Dickens () is one of the most acclaimed and popular writers of all time. His many works include the classics The Old Curiosity Shop, Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, Barnaby Rudge, A Christmas Carol, A Tale of Two Cities, David Copperfield, Great Expectations, Bleak House, Hard Times, Our Mutual Friend, The Pickwick Papers and many more. Download Hard Times Study Guide Subscribe now to download this study guide, along with more than 30, other titles. Get help with any book. Download PDF Summary (Critical Survey of Literature.
In book the first of Hard Times, Dickens introduces many different philosophical ideas that many believed in, in the time of Dickens’ life in England. Charles Dickens' Life Related To His Book, "Hard Times" The Life And Hard Times Of Grantly Marshall Hard Times Hard Times/Charles Dickens How does Dickens use the first four chapters of?Hard Times' to introduce the characters and themes of the novel?
Hard Times is a novel about the social condition of poverty, but very few of its major characters are actually poor and comparatively little time is spent with the poor characters.
With that in mind, do you think the book does an effective job of shaping our view of poverty? The war was hardly over, it was February , the IWW leadership was in jail, but the IWW idea of the general strike became reality for five days in Seattle, Washington, when a walkout of , working people brought the city to a halt.
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