Exploratory research designs

Contact Us Examples of Exploratory Research Exploratory research tries to understand a subject of study in a preliminary way. Research designs for exploratory work usually depend on direct observation of a small selection of what is to be studied, for example, drinking behavior. Focus groups that bring together a small group of subjects to participate in a guided dialogue with regards to a limited issue, are a good example of exploratory research design. Some exploratory research examples are listed below:

Exploratory research designs

Artistic research[ edit ] The controversial trend of artistic teaching becoming more academics-oriented is leading to artistic research being accepted as the primary mode of enquiry in art as in the case of other disciplines.

As such, it is similar to the social sciences in using qualitative research and intersubjectivity as tools to apply measurement and critical analysis. It is based on artistic practices, methods, and criticality. Through presented documentation, the insights gained shall be placed in a context.

This may be factual, historical, or background research. Background research could include, for example, geographical or procedural research. Patricia Leavy addresses eight arts-based research ABR genres: Documentary research Steps in conducting research[ edit ] Research is often conducted using the hourglass model structure of research.

The major steps in conducting research are: Often, a literature review is conducted in a given subject area before a research question is identified. A gap in the current literature, as identified by a researcher, then engenders a research question.

The research question may be parallel to the hypothesis. The hypothesis is the supposition to be tested. The researcher s collects data to test the hypothesis. The researcher s then analyzes and interprets the data via a variety of statistical methods, engaging in what is known as empirical research.

Exploratory research designs

The results of the data analysis in rejecting or failing Exploratory research designs reject the null hypothesis are then reported and evaluated. At the end, the researcher may discuss avenues for further research.

However, some researchers advocate for the reverse approach: The reverse approach is justified by the transactional nature of the research endeavor where research inquiry, research questions, research method, relevant research literature, and so on are not fully known until the findings have fully emerged and been interpreted.

Rudolph Rummel says, " It is only when a range of tests are consistent over many kinds of data, researchers, and methods can one have confidence in the results. Maurice Hilleman is credited with saving more lives than any other scientist of the 20th century.

This process takes three main forms although, as previously discussed, the boundaries between them may be obscure: Exploratory researchwhich helps to identify and define a problem or question.

About Research Rundowns

Constructive researchwhich tests theories and proposes solutions to a problem or question. Empirical researchwhich tests the feasibility of a solution using empirical evidence. There are two major types of empirical research design: Researchers choose qualitative or quantitative methods according to the nature of the research topic they want to investigate and the research questions they aim to answer: Qualitative research This involves understanding human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior, by asking a broad question, collecting data in the form of words, images, video etc that is analyzed, and searching for themes.

This type of research aims to investigate a question without attempting to quantifiably measure variables or look to potential relationships between variables.

Difference Between Exploratory and Descriptive Research (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences

It is viewed as more restrictive in testing hypotheses because it can be expensive and time-consuming and typically limited to a single set of research subjects. Quantitative research This involves systematic empirical investigation of quantitative properties and phenomena and their relationships, by asking a narrow question and collecting numerical data to analyze it utilizing statistical methods.

The quantitative research designs are experimental, correlational, and survey or descriptive. Quantitative research is linked with the philosophical and theoretical stance of positivism. The quantitative data collection methods rely on random sampling and structured data collection instruments that fit diverse experiences into predetermined response categories.

General Structure and Writing Style

If the research question is about people, participants may be randomly assigned to different treatments this is the only way that a quantitative study can be considered a true experiment.

If the intent is to generalize from the research participants to a larger population, the researcher will employ probability sampling to select participants. Primary data is data collected specifically for the research, such as through interviews or questionnaires.

Secondary data is data that already exists, such as census data, which can be re-used for the research. It is good ethical research practice to use secondary data wherever possible. For example, a researcher may choose to conduct a qualitative study and follow it up with a quantitative study to gain additional insights.

As such, non-empirical research seeks solutions to problems using existing knowledge as its source. This, however, does not mean that new ideas and innovations cannot be found within the pool of existing and established knowledge.

Non-empirical research is not an absolute alternative to empirical research because they may be used together to strengthen a research approach. Neither one is less effective than the other since they have their particular purpose in science.Research Rundowns was made possible by support from the Dewar College of Education at Valdosta State University..

This resource was created by Dr. J. Patrick Biddix (Ph.D., University of Missouri - St.

Exploratory research - Wikipedia

Louis).Dr. Biddix is assistant professor of Higher Education and Research Methodology in the Department of Curriculum, Leadership, and Technology. Descriptive case studies The hierarchical view of research outlined above suggested that case studies were useful for exploratory, or preliminary research, .

Techniques differ in how to define a good test ashio-midori.com a problem exists, the test will reveal it ashio-midori.com the test reveals a problem, it is a genuine problem Performable.

A. The limitations of the study are those characteristics of design or methodology that impacted or influenced the interpretation of the findings from your research. They are the constraints on generalizability, applications to practice, and/or utility of findings that are the result of the ways in.

Exploratory research is research conducted for a problem that has not been studied more clearly, intended to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improve the final research design.

Exploratory research is a kind of research carried out for an issue which has not been clearly defined. It assists to identify the best research design, data collection method and selection of subjects.

Quantitative and Qualitative Research - Objective or Subjective?