Focal concerns miller

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract In prostate cancer, an interesting and intriguing option to overcome the risks of whole-gland treatment is focal therapy, with the aim of eradicating known cancer foci and reducing collateral damages to the structures essential for maintaining normal urinary and sexual function. Ablation of all known lesions would favorably alter the natural history of the cancer without impacting health-related quality of life and allows for safe retreatment with repeated focal therapy or whole-gland approaches if necessary. Our objective is to reassess the possibilities and criticisms of such procedure:

Focal concerns miller

They say that deviance is the result of individuals conforming to the values and norms of a social group to which they belong, if you belong to a social group whose norms differ from those of the main society then you will become a deviant.

Cohen said lower-working-class boys want to achieve the success which is valued by mainstream culture.

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But due to educational failure and the dead-end jobs that result from this they have little chance of achieving these goals. This results in status frustration, the boys are at the bottom of the social structure and have little chance of gaining a higher status in society.

In this subculture the boys can achieve success because the social group has different norms and values from the rest of society. So in this culture a high value is placed upon criminal acts such as stealing and vandalism which are condemned by mainstream society.

Focal concerns miller these subcultures the individual who lacked respect in mainstream society can gain it by committing crimes such as vandalism and truancy. Because the crimes reward the individual with respect there is not always the need for a monetary value to commit a crime, so the subcultural perspective explains why people commit non-utilitarian crimes.

They said that there are three different types of subcultures that young people might enter into; criminal subcultures, conflict subcultures and retreatist subcultures.

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Criminal subcultures tend to emerge in areas where there is a lot of organised adult crime, here there are criminal role models for young people, and they learn how to commit criminal acts. In these subcultures the young people can climb up the professional criminal ladder by committing more crimes.

These subcultures are normally concerned with utilitarian crimes, which yield financial reward. Conflict subcultures tend to emerge in areas where there is little organised adult crime, so instead of learning how to commit serious monetary crimes the young people instead focus on gaining respect through gang violence.

They tend to retreat to drugs and alcohol abuse to deal with the fact that they have been rejected from other subcultures. He said these different values mean that for members of this culture there are a number of concerns and things people want to achieve, he called these focal concerns and they include: Toughness — Miller said that people within the lower-class subculture value toughness as an important trait; however this can manifest itself in assault and violence.

Smartness — This culture also value the ability to outfox each other. Excitement — This culture constantly searches for excitement and thrills. This often means gambling, alcohol and sexual adventures. He said that society has a strong moral hold on them and this prevents them from engaging in delinquent activities for most of the time, he said that the fact that these people often show remorse for their actions later in life support this view.

Instead he said these young delinquents are involved in crime only occasionally as part-time law breakers.

Focal concerns miller

Although the subterranean values are within mainstream societies set of values, they could encourage behaviour which breaks the law and are then seen by mainstream society as criminal or deviant.MILLER'S FOCAL CONCERNS DEFINITION OF TERMS GANGS: (MOXSON & KLEIN) Lower Class A group of people below the middle class, they have the lowest social rank/standing due to low income, lack of skills or education, unemployment and lack of opportunities.

Miller argues that these minors have other ambitions or focal concerns which they want to achieve rather than the general ones which society considers right.

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Miller’s theory identified six values of a lower-class subculture which include; Toughness, Smartness, Excitement, fate, . People with cancer want to do everything they can to combat the disease, manage its symptoms, and cope with the side effects of treatment.

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A new edition of the most accessible and compelling history of the medium published, with an updated foreword by the author to accompany his hour feature documentary Film critic. In criminology, the focal concerns theory, posited in by Walter B. Miller, attempts to explain the behavior of "members of adolescent street corner groups in lower class communities" as concern for six focal concerns: trouble, toughness, smartness, excitement.

Miller, J. (). Focal concerns theory. In H. T. Greene & S. L. Gabbidon (Eds.), Encyclopedia of race and crime (pp. ). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Walter Miller - Focal Concerns by Shannon Davis on Prezi