The hard problem of consciousness--the nature of phenomenal experience--is especially hard for people who believe that: The experience I have when I see dream of, hallucinate a large orange pumpkin is certainly inside me.
Hire Writer In the view point of psychology, consciousness means that a person is in his state of perceiving all the objects which surround him, feeling pleasure or pain, or even in a state of communing with his own self, reflecting and looking within Robertson Categorized between objective and subjective, consciousness constitutes the whole of our mental experience which makes it a puzzling material not only in the realm of psychology but most importantly in the study philosophy.
Sense Experience According to Fred Dretske Fred Dretske is a philosopher greatly acknowledged for his contributions to the philosophy of mind. Dretske puts much significance on the role of experience in the study of consciousness and relies on the idea of the difference in the experiencer.
According to the philosopher, sense experience is the primary focus of consciousness. His locus is on the quality of experience or how things appear to people at the sensory level.
He says that some people are conscious of having experience while others are not aware of it Dretske He adds that the difference lies not in the difference in the experience but in the experiencer: It is noted that there is a difference between hearing Clyde play the piano and seeing him play the piano and this scenario establishes the distinction between perceptual experience and perceptual belief Block, Flanagan and Guzeldere Dretske suggests that people have to go beyond their belief on things in order to gain a conscious experience.
Creature and State Consciousness The differences between creature consciousness and state consciousness are commonly recognized. The former refers to whole cognitive organisms which are consciousness or simply awake while the latter speaks of the individual mental states as conscious Gennaro 2.
According to Dretske, creature consciousness refers to the cognitive systems such as humans who are not merely conscious, but are conscious of the objects, properties, events, properties and facts which envelop them In this association, it can be derived that the state consciousness is defines the quality of the cognitive and conscious human beings.
The essence of consciousness is to create meanings to the symbolic elements perceived through the perceptual senses of humans. Creature and state consciousness are both reflecting the idea of higher-order theories which are definitely suited for mankind.
Both consciousness declare that man have the capacity to create meanings out of the symbols being fed to him by the environment.
Awareness of Facts and Awareness of Things The philosopher breaks down his concept of state consciousness down to two categories: The categories stress that the people can be conscious of objects without the being aware of facts concerning those subjects.
Chris Hill’s consciousness Content Type Journal Article Pages DOI /s Authors Fred Dretske, Selkirk, Durham, NC , USA Journal Philosophical Studies Online ISSN Print ISSN Fred Dretske has argued, in a highly original book and a series of articles, that action explanations are a very special species of historical explanation, in opposition to the traditional view that action explanations cite causes of actions, which are identical with bodily movements. Frederick Irwin "Fred" Dretske was an American philosopher noted for his contributions to epistemology and the philosophy of mind.
Dretske has made a clear distinction between the awareness of facts and the awareness of things by providing an example, Clyde playing the piano.
In the awareness of things, Dretske is quick to point out that the things are neither true nor false based from the given example. Take for example a man looking at a plant wherein a camouflaged tiny insect is sitting. The man is not aware of the insect sitting at the plant yet you are seeing or looking at it.
For the philosopher, the man is object-conscious of the insect but not fact-conscious of the insect. The man sees the thing but is not aware that the object is actually an insect.Frederick Irwin "Fred" Dretske was an American philosopher noted for his contributions to epistemology and the philosophy of mind.
Fred Drestke takes introspective knowledge to be a given and proceeds by trying to explain how such of knowledge is possible without the appeal of inner sense - Alternative look at Fred Dretske's thoughts on counscious experience introduction. He gives a proposition that introspection is a .
A state of awareness is a state of consciousness. Dretske complains that higher-order theories characterize the difference between conscious and unconscious states as extrinsic to the state itself. Fred Dretske is a philosopher greatly acknowledged for his contributions to the philosophy of mind.
He dwells not on the distinction between perceptual experience and perceptual belief but thrives on the nature of conscious experience and consciousness itself as a mental phenomena (Dretske, “Conscious Experience” ).
Consciousness of facts implies a deployment of concepts. If S is aware that x is F, then S has the concept F and uses (applies) it in his awareness of x.~ If a per- son smells that the toast is burning, thus becoming aware that the toast is burning, this person applies the concept burning (perhaps also the concept toast) to what he smells.
Chris Hill’s consciousness Content Type Journal Article Pages DOI /s Authors Fred Dretske, Selkirk, Durham, NC , USA Journal Philosophical Studies Online ISSN Print ISSN