Internet Child Protection Program. However, one particular entry or explanation that caught my attention and which prompted me to write this blog post is the section on gaming. On their website, they defined it as a new epidemic a toll on the mental well being of playersand that this disease is as equally debilitating as an addiction to drugs or alcohol. This includes gaming, gambling, pornography, shopping, blogging and social networking.
Reference groups were those who did not report specific risk behavior or alcohol marketing exposure. Significant Odd Ratios are presented in bold face. Discussion This study examined the prevalence of exposure to alcohol marketing practices among nationally representative school-attending youth in the Philippines, and whether exposure to alcohol marketing is associated with drunkenness.
The findings show that there is a high prevalence of exposure to different forms of alcohol marketing strategies. The most commonly reported exposures were seeing alcohol use by actors, seeing alcohol name brands at sport events or on TV and seeing billboards with an alcohol advertisement.
Moreover, receiving free alcohol from alcohol companies remained associated with drunkenness in multivariate analyses indicating that it appears to be a relatively robust risk factor for alcohol misuse. This issue regarding providing free drinks to youth has been observed in other countries [ 23 ] and warrants attention by researchers and policy makers.
It is clear from previous research that direct marketing of alcohol products increases alcohol use and problems among youths and those findings are corroborated by the findings in the current study. The results of this study indicate a high prevalence of current alcohol use Our findings are also supported by research in the U.
However, owning an item with an alcohol brand logo on it was not associated with drunkenness. The findings of this study show that alcohol marketing strategies in the Philippines through providing free alcohol to youth and through print and television media appear to reach a relatively large population of youth.
These findings regarding the association between provision of free alcohol to youth and self-reports of drunkenness, mirror those conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa [ 23 ].
These alcohol marketing practices, aimed directly to children, have been banned in other countries and have important policy implications for countries where such bans do not exist.
The implications of the empirical findings from the current study clearly indicate that stricter policies to prevent underage alcohol advertisements are needed.
Such measures need to be urgently considered and applied given the frequency and levels of exposure to alcohol marketing, in particular, the free distribution of alcohol to youths, as observed in the current study. The timing is critical for new policy initiatives and prevention strategies aimed to reduce alcohol use among adults and youth [ 39 ].
Recent reports by the alcohol industry indicate that they will produce and sell cheaper alcohol to Asia and African markets in order to increase its consumer market [ 20 ]. The goal of targeting low-income consumers and creating affordable brews will be achieved through using local ingredients, and also utilizing inexpensive individual-sized packaging to make purchasing alcohol more affordable [ 20 ].
Previous research clearly highlights that affordability of alcohol is strongly linked to alcohol use [ 40 ], and that these new industry strategies are likely to have a negative impact on alcohol use and alcohol-related adverse outcomes among youth in the Philippines and the Western Pacific region.
Policy and intervention suggestions for agencies provided by the World Health Organization to counteract alcohol marketing and reduce harmful effects of alcohol use include regulating alcohol marketing content and the volume of marketing, regulating marketing in media and sponsorship activities of alcohol industry, restricting or banning alcohol promotions targeting young people, regulating alcohol marketing techniques like social media, developing effective surveillance systems to monitor alcohol marketing, and enforcing marketing restrictions [ 12 ].
More research is necessary regarding the exposure of youth to alcohol advertising and levels of consumption to gain formative information needed to counteract these marketing influences and inform policy makers to support and implement such strategies. CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED CONECTUAL LITERATURE, RESEARCH STUDIES, AND SYSTEM/SOFTWARE PRODUCTS This chapter presents a brief discussion of the literature reviewed by the researcher which further enriched the conceptualization of the study and helped in describing the cognitive design that guided the conduct of the researcher.
The researcher conducts several review in .
We will write a custom essay sample on Computer games: Related literature specifically for you for only $ $/page. Order now some of the authors expressed that computer game addiction is common in adolescence and this causes a cycle of moral panic (see the moral panic issue of computer games in Barnett & Coulson, ; .
Aug 26, · Effect of Addiction to Computer Games on Physical and Mental Health of Female and Male Students of Guidance School in City of Isfahan. This study aimed to investigate the effects of addiction to computer games on physical and mental health of students.
The aim of his study was to find out if computer games have social . These kids are becoming addicted to the Internet or Computer Games in much that same way that others became addicted to drugs or alcohol which result in academic, social, and occupational impairment.
Although computer addiction is the lesser evil compared to drug addiction, it nevertheless takes away the priorities of these children. With this trend, many students were developing too much dependency towards the computer (Kovach, ). Being too much dependent in computer is called computer addiction.
Computer addiction has affected the study habits of the first year students/5(89). Based from the related materials found no study has found out to study on the same topic except for the books that cater to its parts, many have studied about the employment status, job satisfaction and the factors affecting job performances.