Paris, France French philosopher and writer The French philosopher and distinguished writer Jean-Paul Sartre ranks as the most versatile writer and as the dominant influence in three decades of French intellectual life. His father, a naval officer, died while on a tour of duty in Indochina before Sartre was two years old.
Undated photograph Introduction Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre - was a French philosopher, writer and political activist, and one of the central figures in 20th Century French philosophy.
He is best known as the main figurehead of the Existentialism movement. Along with his French contemporaries Albert Camus - and Simone de Beauvoir -he helped popularize the movement through his novels and plays as well as through his more academic works.
As a young man, he also made significant contributions to Phenomenology. He was a confirmed Atheist and a committed Communist and Marxistand took a prominent role in The life and works of jean paul sartre leftist political causes throughout his adult life.
Life Sartre was born in Paris, France on 21 June His mother raised him with help from her father, Charles Schweitzer, a high school professor of German, who taught Sartre mathematics and introduced him to classical literature at a very early age.
As a boy, he was small and cross-eyed and socially awkward. When his mother remarried inthe family moved to La Rochelle. He first became attracted to philosophy on reading the "Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness" by Henri Bergson - as a teenager in the s.
Most importantly, he also met Simone de Beauvoir -who was studying at the Sorbonne at that time, and the two became inseparable and remained lifelong companions although not monogamouslydeliberately challenging the cultural and social assumptions and expectations of their upbringings.
De Beauvoir went on to become a noted thinker in her own right, as well as a popular writer and prominent feminist. He was captured by German troops in in Padoux, and he spent nine months as a prisoner of war in Nancy and then in Stalag 12D at Trier, Germany.
He was released in April due to poor health and given civilian status.
Sartre and de Beauvoir remained close friends with Camus until he turned away from Communism in After the War, Sartre and de Beauvoir established "Les Temps Modernes" "Modern Times"a monthly literary and political review, and he started writing full-time as well as continuing his political activism.
Despite his rather unprepossessing appearance, he attracted the attentions of many glamorous women, and had many mistresses in addition to his on-going relationship with Simone de Beauvoir whom he affectionately called "the Beaver" and with Michelle Vian.
He also attracted a lot of press coverage, much of it negative, and he was publicly accused of moral corruption and of spreading hopelessness among the young.
He moved back to his mother's house in the rue Bonaparte where he could work in peace. Although he never officially joined the Communist Party, Sartre embraced Communism for many years, while continuing to defended Existentialism.
Indeed, he spent much of the s trying to reconcile the individualist philosophy of Existentialism with the collective vision of Marxism and Communism.
His continued support for Russian Communism officially ended, however, on the entry of Soviet tanks into Budapest inand he roundly condemned both the Soviet intervention and the submission of the French Communist Party to the interests of Moscow.
His ongoing critiques of Communism led to his formulation of "Sartrian Socialism", a model which demanded that Marxism recognize differences between one society and another and respect human freedom.
His "Critique de la raison dialectique" "Critique of Dialectical Reason" of was intended to give Marxism a more vigorous intellectual defense than it had received up until then, and also to reconcile it with his existentialist ideas about free will.
In the s, he traveled to Cuba to meet Fidel Castro - and spent a great deal of time philosophizing with Ernesto "Che" Guevara -whom he idolized. He became increasingly politically active during the late s and s.
Along with Bertrand Russell and others, he vociferously opposed the Vietnam War in the s. He was actively involved in the student strikes in Paris during the summer ofduring which he was arrested several times for civil disobedience.
In the aftermath of the Paris unrest, Sartre lost faith in the French Communist Party and in Communism in general, and returned to a more individualist, but still radical, outlook, closer to Anarchism.Jean-Paul Sartre was a 20th century intellectual, writer and activist who put forth pioneering ideas on existentialism.
― Jean Paul Sarte “The more sand that has escaped from the hourglass of our life, the clearer we should see through it.” ― Jean-Paul Sartre tags: ashio-midori.com Jean-Paul Sartre: Conscience to the World At the time of his death on the fifteenth of April, , at the age of seventy-four, Jean-Paul Sartre’s greatest literary and philosophical works ashio-midori.com · Jean-Paul Sartre, () born in Paris in , studied at the École Normale Supérieure from to and became Professor of Philosophy at Le Havre in With the help of a stipend from the Institut Français he studied in Berlin ashio-midori.com