Background[ edit ] In the years leading up to the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, Birmingham had earned a national reputation as a tense, violent and racially segregated city, in which even tentative racial integration of any form was met with violent resistance. Martin Luther King described Birmingham as "probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States". Bombings at black institutions were a regular occurrence: The steps beneath which the bomb was planted can be seen in the foreground Birmingham Campaign and the 16th Street Baptist Church[ edit ] Main article:
Population growth is now considered among the biggest challenges of the 21st century and governments everywhere are active in devising policies that address the challenge in order to avoid future threats such as famine and extremism arising from poverty.
Certainly, one must account for refugees and displaced persons in this population surge but this does not absolve the government of the consumption strain and resource burden placed by overpopulation.
For a country that started out with a population of 33 million in The people bomb, we are now the fifth most populous nation in the world with an estimated million population. Successive governments have struggled to provide food, health and education to an economically deprived people.
There is already a perceptible strain on resources, infrastructure and services in cities like Karachi and Lahore given unplanned expansion and speedy urbanisation. The youth bulge will actually burden the economy. Given the increasing youth bulge, it will require Pakistan to maintain a GDP growth rate of 8pc over the coming decades in order to employ this large and growing segment of the population.
This, combined with a woefully stagnant education budget, will likely lead to fewer opportunities for education and mass unemployment among the youth of this country.
One fears the possibility that this will breed more intolerance and extremism among the idle young. We see efforts such as the National Assembly debate of June 19, which outlined the granting of Rs1 billion plus to the federal government to meet expenditure regarding national food security and research in response to an annual 2pc population increase.
But despite these actions, the elephant remains in the room. Such fiscal budget measures do not solve the population growth problem at hand; they serve to merely postpone and amplify it.
Moreover, a national population census has not been conducted since which would supply data that can be used to formulate reliable planning policies. A focused and evidence-based national policy on population and development thus seems to be missing.
If population growth is not managed, resources will continue to be stretched and public service delivery on all fronts including energy, food subsidies, education and health will not keep up with demand. Already there are acute pressures on public services due to an excessively large population base.
Public health services are hampered when burgeoning populations need state-funded health provision, for that stretches the resources of delivery outlets such as hospitals and immunisation programme centres and escalates budgetary pressures for the health authorities.
Even with a labour surplus of medical professionals in the market, there are not enough organisations to employ them.
Mind you, this does not excuse successive governments of the fact that public health spending is laggard and that they must invest more in building public health service capacity.
Potential solutions lie in committing public funding to the problem and drafting informed policies and effective interventions. It can only be the government and its leaders that take up this mandate in the realisation that population growth is a very real threat to Pakistan.
The writer is a doctoral researcher associated with a Scottish university.Frequent estimates are that , people in Hiroshima (39% of the population) and 70, people in Nagasaki (28% of the population) died in , though the number which died immediately as a result of exposure to the blast, heat, or due to radiation, is unknown.
The People Bomb is a documentary (assembled from a series of reports broadcast on the CNN cable network) which examines the many issues of health and economics brought on by the continuing swell of human population, as well as exploring the growth patters of the population boom, which parts of the world are at the greatest risk, and what can be .
People Bomb. CNN Video Special Reports () Prologue: Life in the developing world is in many ways better now than a few decades ago. People are living longer and living better. Fertility rates are falling in almost every country. With all the progress, millions of people are trapped in poverty.
People Bomb. CNN Video Special Reports () Prologue: Life in the developing world is in many ways better now than a few decades ago. People are living longer and living better. Fertility rates are falling in almost every country.
With all the progress, millions of people are trapped in poverty. The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred at the African American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, on Sunday, September 15, , when four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the steps located on the east .
To people who are close to a blast incident, such as bomb disposal technicians, soldiers wearing body armor, deminers, or individuals wearing little to no protection, there are four types of blast effects on the human body: overpressure (shock), fragmentation, impact, and heat.
Overpressure refers to the sudden and drastic rise in ambient.