Born Francois-Marie Arouet French philosopher, essayist, dramatist, historian, poet, critic, and autobiographer. See also Candide Criticism. The eighteenth century is often called the Age of Enlightenment, but it is just as often called the Age of Voltaire—in the minds of many intellectual historians, the two are synonymous.
He left school at 16 and soon formed friendships with a group of sophisticated Parisian aristocrats. Paris society sought his company for his cleverness, humor and remarkable ability to write verse.
In he was arrested for writing a series of satirical verses ridiculing the French government, and was imprisoned in the Bastille. In Voltaire insulted a powerful young nobleman and was given two options: He chose exile and from to lived in England.
After his return to Paris he wrote a book praising English customs and institutions. The book was thought to criticize the French government and Voltaire was forced to flee Paris again.
Ferney soon became the intellectual capitol of Europe. Throughout his years in exile Voltaire produced a constant flow of books, plays, pamphlets, and letters. He was a voice of reason, and an outspoken critic of religious intolerance and persecution.
The excitement of the trip was too much for him and he died in Paris. Because of his criticism of the church Voltaire was denied burial in church ground. He was finally buried at an abbey in Champagne. In his remains were moved to a resting place at the Pantheon in Paris.
No one was the wiser for some 50 years. His heart, however, had been removed from his body, and now lays in the Bibliotheque nationale in Paris.
His brain was also removed, but after a series of passings-on over years, disappeared after an auction.Voltaire was a versatile and prolific writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20, letters and more than 2, books and pamphlets.
. Free Essays; Voltaire's Candide Essay; Voltaire says through Candide's ultimate discovery that happiness in many ways depends on a person's attitude. Voltaire's philosophy expressed through Candide's final realization is that "We must cultivate our garden," which is the key to happiness(p).
By cultivating our garden, Voltaire . Jul 15, · View and download voltaire essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your voltaire essay.
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Online Library of Liberty.
A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets. A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. Voltaire, Toleration and Other Essays by Voltaire.
Translated, with an Introduction, by Joseph McCabe (New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, ). Free Voltaire papers, essays, and research papers. The Meaning of Eldorado in Voltaire’s Candide - The true meaning of “Eldorado” in Voltaire’s Candide has been debated for some time.